Gauri Lankesh killing: True tribute only when journalists stand for principles

A colleague fell on the slayer’s bullets, but he let his death not be in vain. Although heartbreaking, Gauri Lankesh, the beaten up journalist killed in Bengaluru on Tuesday night, made us proud. He defended the principles he considered sincere and refused to give way until life was no longer suffocated.

His murder triggered national outrage and a spill of grief. From Rajasthan to Assam, and from Delhi to Kerala, thousands took to the streets to protest their meaningless homicide. The pictures of her that were in a pool of blood on the porch of her house led us to cry.

The murder was foolish, though the motive behind it was still settled. One might suppose that someone-or some people-decided that Lankesh, known for his shrill pro-poor and Hindutva activism, had crossed the line and had to be calmed down once and for all. The killers did the rest.

Lankesh may have been silenced, but now it is up to us – the journalists – to ensure that his long battle is not lost. It is advisable to walk the streets to protest against his murder and keep vigils with candles in his memory. But our collective testimony of support for a dead colleague should not end with a simple symbolism, but should lead to more substantial action.

On the one hand, we, as a community, must exert sustained pressure on the authorities to bring the murderers to justice. More importantly, the murder of Lankesh should encourage us to consider, in addition to mourning, at a time when some believe we are no better than “borrowers.”

Police investigations must reveal the reasons for his murder. At present, we can only speculate that it is the work of certain right-wing or Maoist assassins who might have disenchanted with Lankesh. There are also hints that everything was not right inside his own family.

Whatever the reason, one can not deny that Lankesh lived and died without giving up an inch of his principles. She has been firmly convinced and her commitment and courage are something we need to learn, especially when we have generally dropped our personal scruples and professional standards. Of course, there have been journalists in the country who have shown the backbone and have accepted the powers and promises of their offer and their lives.

But they are more an exception than the rule. The death of Lankesh offers us a rare moment in which we can think and examine if we conform to its demanding norms. It is the case of anyone that the positions she took were always right and, of course, there were people who did not agree with her. But it was his devotion to his conviction and his work that distinguished him and won our respect.

A true tribute to Lankesh will therefore be when we sincerely try to meet the professional standards you have established. Correspondence in conscience, ethics and commitment will be difficult, but definitely worth a try. Do not try to mean we just rip crocodile tears.

Dissent is not simply a right, it’s fundamentally a civic virtue

Ten years ago, a 17-year-old student named Ogun Samast addressed journalist Hrant Dink outside his newspaper’s offices in Istanbul. Samast shot Dink in the back of the head three times. Dink was a member of the small but resistant Armenian community of Turkey, and was frank about the failure of the country to recognize the genocide of Armenians during World War I. His writing and activism had left him in the cool hot water. When he was assassinated, he was tried for violating an article in the Turkish Penal Code, the alleged offense of “denigrating Turkey”.

I remember very well the fury and tragedy surrounding Dink’s death, as he also contributed (and friend) to the international business magazine in London, where I worked. The furniture of our small office had to be moved aside for a procession of the television crew to record our reactions to his death. Just a few months after the assassination in Russia of Anna Politkovskaya – a journalist, human rights activist and sharp critic of Vladimir Putin – Dink’s murder was strongly felt.

My editors were outraged that despite the waves of death threats, Dink had not extended to the necessary protection. (In 2010, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that Turkey did not protect Dink, even if the government knew of the conspiracies against him.) The crime of his murder belonged not only to the assassin (an extreme right ultra-nationalist), but to a society that tolerated the intimidation of journalists and critics, intimidation and continued dissent.

Thousands of people took the streets of Istanbul with banners proclaiming: “We are Hrant Dink”. I remember being moved by this screen, and cooled by its corollary. In Trabzon, the Black Sea city, where Samast came, fans of the local football team sang the name of the killer: “We are Ogun Samast.”

The murder of Gauri Lankesh in Bangalore reminded me of various forms of Dink’s death. Lankesh and Dink expressed unpopular opinions. Both have published small, rather marginal publications whose impact has surpassed its size. Both saw their mission of stealing the pens of the status quo. By their sentences, the two have had legal proceedings against them. And although many political parties and sectors of civil society have condemned their murders, their dead have been met in some sectors with a horrible face.

Union Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad correctly denounced the messages circulating between “digital rights” – the multitude of Hindu Internet users – celebrating the Lankesh assassination. This reprimand is, of course, the least decency we should expect from our leaders. Journalists, activists, researchers, students and demonstrators should not fear being physically attacked or killed by their point of view. Their dissent is not merely a right; It is basically a civic virtue.

In death, Dink and Lankesh achieved a world-wide tragic fame that they did not have in life. But treating them as “martyrs” really does not appeal to anyone. Repression works. Turkey and India have been stripped of their writing, their attacks on conventional wisdom. The murders of journalists and dissidents have a terrible cooling effect on a society. Months after Dink was assassinated, I visited Istanbul. I spent an afternoon with a gray Turkish writer allied to Dink.

Throughout our meeting in Istanbul’s Taksim Square, he looked over his shoulder, checking if the bodyguard he felt obliged to keep was still in position. He was presumptuous about the future of freedom of speech in Turkey. At that time, he preferred the government to the right center of Recep Tayyip Erdogan to the extreme right nationalist. In recent years, however, Erdogan has severely restricted the press, the shuffling of publications and the detention of journalists. Turkey is now one of the most difficult places to be a journalist and dissident.

Dink was accused of “denigrating Turkey” for having argued against the Turkish state. Dissidents in India are increasingly labeled as “anti-national”, beyond our attention or respect, but our tolerance. This language spreads and dehumanizes, and fosters the climate of hatred that leads to these murders.

Ryan murder: Onus lies on schools to ensure safety of kids

Usually, while choosing a school for their children, parents look at their academic record. They should now amend this approach and first examine the school’s safety record and its compliance with child safety laws and guidelines. The serious murder of a seven-year-old boy at Ryan International School in Gurgaon stands out this Friday.

What is absolutely shocking in this case is the senseless oversight of the school by allowing adults, including school bus drivers and drivers, to use restrooms for children. In doing so, the school endangered the safety of the young children who studied it. And of course, the child was the victim of a sexual predator – the bus driver – who broke his throat when the boy resisted his attempts at sodomy.

Any school that is even interested in the safety of its students would be aware of the risk of abuse of young children in school and trips to and from school and the many cases of violence that have recently revealed years. Even in July of this year, a three-year-old girl in Bengaluru was sexually abused by the driver of the school van while leaving home. In March, a 10-year-old girl was sexually assaulted by the school bus driver in Pune. In February, a theater school in Bengaluru fell under fire after a startling discovery that an office assistant bothered small buttons under the pretext of taking them to the bathroom.

Given these incidents, it is prudent to make sure that no one else than the kids has entered the bathroom. In fact, parents who showed up outside the school told the television stations on Friday that they complained that they all used the children’s restroom at parent-teacher meetings, the school did not pay attention.

Although the school was not sensitive enough to understand the risks, there were clear guidelines from the Gurgaon police on the subject, which violently and despicably violated. The guidelines for the safety of children in schools issued by the police in Gurgaon are one of the best in the field and several clauses specifically address the issue of toilet safety. Forgetting to have access to bus drivers and drivers in the toilets of children, this even prohibits their entry into school facilities or moves near the toilets and entrusts them to ensure this through various measures including video surveillance, to the school’s surveillance officer. I wonder if the school even had a surveillance officer?

The school ignored the guidelines on background checks of employees when they hired the driver. And how did he bring the gun to the school bathroom? The conduct of the school regarding student safety should be thoroughly investigated and strict measures taken for violations. Until this is done, schools will continue to ignore the safety of children. The Ghamroj school that dismissed this driver for his “sexually predatory behavior,” but did not report it to the police, as required by the Child Protection Act against Sexual Offenses, must also be prosecuted.

As a result of the rape of a six-year-old boy at a private school in Bengaluru in 2014, government agencies have issued policies and guidelines on child safety. But schools continue to violate them. We must have a common and complete guide for all schools in the country to follow. There should be a severe penalty, including closure of schools, for violation. It is equally important to train and educate parents, so they require strict compliance. Schools that do not protect children in their facilities (or while traveling to and from school) have no right to exist.

Ryan International School murder: Police say evidence ‘tampered’ with, HR head among two staffers arrested

The two senior officials of the Ryan International School Group, detained after the murder of an eight-year-old student, were returned to police custody two days later to ask more questions. Parents want the school to be closed until a CBI investigation is ordered and stricter legal provisions are struck in the direction of the murder on Friday. Ashok Kumar, a 42-year-old bus driver, was arrested after publicly confessing that he was breaking the throat of the student who attempted to sexually abuse Ryan International’s toilet.

Francis Thomas, regional head of the Ryan group of institutions, and human resources chief Jeyus Thomas were arrested Sunday night and reserved under Article 75 of the Juvenile Justice Act. Section 75 of the JJ Act addresses cruelty and criminality against children in custody and invites punishment for 5 to 10 years. Police produced them at Sohna court on Monday and applied for a three-day pretrial detention, but the court granted two days’ custody. The police also added article 34 (common intent) of the CIP in case of murder.

The Attorney General’s Office requested the addition of Section 201 of the CIP (causing the disappearance of evidence of a crime or giving false information to the offender). Police told the court that school officials falsified the evidence to the point of the crime. Francis was also reserved in the case of a child drowning in a water tank at the Ryan International School in the Vasant Kunj area of South Delhi. A victim of Devansh Meena disappeared on January 30 last year and his body was recovered the same day in a school water tank.

The Delhi police had made Francisco the first defendant because he was responsible for administration and civil work on the school premises. Gurgaon police arrested the duo on Sunday after pressure from Protestant parents and opposition to take action against the school for alleged slip of the tongue, resulting in the death of the class 2 student at the school. Friday. The head of the school, Neerja Batra, who was suspended on Saturday, was taken to a private hospital on the way to Khandsa on Monday after complaining of a sudden pain in the trunk during interrogation by a “special police investigation team.

SIT is challenging three teachers, including Batra.Police said that her blood pressure suddenly fluctuates and she was taken to a hospital. Batra claims to have taken a bleeding child to a hospital in his car. Police sources said she could be arrested for negligence. Any group of Ryan schools in Gurgaon was ordered to remain closed on Monday and Tuesday as directed by the district administration. Security has intensified in school. Police arrested yesterday to sell the defendant, Ashok Kumar, a 42-year-old bus driver on Friday.

However, parents and others demanded actions against school authorities, especially after police revealed that Kumar had been dismissed from a private school in his village Ghamroj because of his suspicious behavior. Police also suspended inspector Arun Kumar, SHO Sohna Sadar police station, in connection with protesters who left several injured media and provoked strong opposition criticism. Gurgaon police spokesman said the SHO was suspended after the investigation revealed that the loading of the stick was unnecessary and could have been avoided.

According to the PTI news agency, fourteen police teams set out to investigate the issue of the case, the school staff while a SIT team headed to Mumbai to interview the school’s chief executive, Ryan Pinto, and principal Albert Pinto. Meanwhile, the director general of the group of institutions Ryan Ryan Pinto would have requested an anticipated release to the Supreme Court of Bombay, and the court is expected to hear the subject on Tuesday. Hearyana’s Education Minister Ram Bilas Sharma said Sunday that measures had been taken against the school under section 75 of the Juvenile Justice Act and that additional sections could be added after the government received a report from the committee of three members about defects of the school on Monday.

Hundreds of relatives tried to enter the private school in Bhondsi, near Gurgaon, urging police to prosecute the crowd on Sunday. About a dozen people were arrested for arson and riots and many more injuries in police action. Some photojournalist cameras were also damaged during the fighting.

Army chief warns of two-front war with China, Pakistan: Is IAF fighting fit?

Indian army chief General Bipin Rawat said the country should be prepared for a possible two-pronged war with China and Pakistan. Father Rawat referred to a recent incident with the Chinese that ended last week and said that the situation could gradually make a snowball into a larger conflict that Pakistan could exploit. He said that India could not afford to be complacent and should be prepared for the possibility of a full war. “Regarding our northern opponent, muscle flexing began,” Rawat said Wednesday in a think-tank based in Delhi.

We are proposing an HT survey – first published in September last year – on the preparation of the Indian Air Force: initial euphoria at the peak of a $ 7.8 billion deal for 36 aircraft Rafale hunting has given step to accusations that India has signed an expensive agreement that does not meet the expectations of its air force. In 2001, the Indian Air Force (IAF) searched for at least 126 aircraft to replace Soviet-era aircraft. Following the conclusion of a $ 7.8 billion deal for 36 Rafale fighter jets, Congress and other experts said the 36 fighters were not enough to control the erosion of IAF force.

The party warned of an impending crisis in the IAF, whose fleet of fighters was reduced to 33 squadrons compared to a desirable 45 to respond to a common threat from China and Pakistan. Vice Admiral Kapil Kak (ret) said the IAF needed to incite another 90 Rafale type aircraft in an emergency. “There is no misuse of this reality,” he adds. Climbing fighter jets is not the only concern. Aerodrome refueling capabilities, the lack of advanced warning platforms, the large number of maintenance aircraft and the improvement of air defense systems are among the other challenges facing the fourth world air force.

IAF spokesman Wing Commander Anupam Banerjee says the air force has developed plans to effectively operate overhead platforms and weapon systems available. “Any defects will be improved in a short time to build our capabilities,” he said, adding that all international air forces had a mix of modern and aging aircraft. Then there are problems with the IAF fleet of veterans of utility helicopters. The IAF has been stretched due to the shortage of heavy weights and attacks – and its carrying capacity needs to be improved quickly. “The neighbors of India, especially China, have pressed the accelerator to modernize their air force,” said the former IAF chief, Marshal Fali Major.

“Capacity gaps will continue to increase if we do not accept things.” A $ 2 billion deal to buy reflectors across the community to expand IAF’s strategic strategy blocked because India and Airbus disagree on price. “Oil tankers are urgently needed if we are to remain ready to face China in the eastern sector,” a senior IAF official said from an anonymous point of view. “The case lasted more than seven years.” The Air Force needs to strengthen its aerial surveillance capability to detect enemy aircraft and missiles. It has only three AWACS aircraft (airborne aircraft and control system), although the requirement is higher.

The figures are not enough if China and Pakistan represent a collusive threat. “Capacity will play an important role in covering East and West fronts during offensive operations,” said former IAF vice president Air Marshal KK Nohwar (retd). The AWACS is a more robust surveillance system that provides 360 degree coverage, compared to the 270 degree AEW and C capability. AWACS also has superior range and resistance. Despite the shortage of combat squads, another obvious hole in the IAF’s ability is the low availability of combat aircraft to perform missions at any given time or the ease of use in military language.

India has a fleet of almost 200 Su-30 fighter jets, but only half of them are ready to undertake missions at any time. “With the exception of the Mirage 2000, the IAF is struggling to improve the availability of most fighters,” says Kak.

IAF officials say the availability of airplanes should be about 75 percent in peacetime.

Fixing gaps in air defense is crucial to avoiding missile and fighter threats. The staff explained that the deployment of Russia’s S 400 Triumf air defense system and rapid missile reaction under the Israeli level should be one of the IAF’s top priorities. India has yet to develop a plan to work with a foreign partner to co-develop and co-produce a multipurpose transport aircraft (MTA), after an Indo-Russian has failed to take off.

The IAF bet on heavy-duty Chinook helicopters of American origin to fill another gap capacity, but deliveries will not begin until 2019. It currently operates a solitary 26-me-alone helicopter of Soviet origin to deliver payloads at high altitudes. India’s new attack helicopters – the AH-64E Apache Longbow – will also come after three years.

The IAF hopes to rapidly implement a $ 2 billion project to build medium-haul transport planes in India to replace the old Avro fleet. The formation of the pilots was hit by the lack of intermediate trainers. The project was enacted in July 1999, but has not yet been implemented, requiring the IAF to use the old Kiran Mk-II training device.

The Pathankot and Uri attacks exposed the vulnerability of military bases. Experts say India should accelerate the improvement of safety in sensitive airbases with intelligent fences, vibration detection systems, mini-drones, thermal cameras and night vision equipment.

Now, army chief Bipin Rawat says China, Pakistan not a threat to India

Army chief General Bipin Rawat said on Saturday that neither China nor Pakistan were threatening the country to depart from its previous statement, which had doubled the north and west opponents of the two neighbors respectively and that the country must be ready for two fronts of war.

“No country (China and Pakistan) is a threat,” he said in the framework of an event in the capital of Uttarakhand, Dehradun, Saturday midday, in response to a query. “What I said … he said,” he added when he recalled earlier comments made just over a week after India and China completed one of their worst military disadvantages to Doklam in the India-Bhutan-China tri-union.

China reacted to Rawat’s earlier comment, saying ties between the two countries should not be derailed. In the context of Doklam Standoff, the general said the army was more vigilant at the border and that security forces were taking appropriate action in the “sensitive areas” “In Kashmir, he said.” We also want peace and quiet in Kashmir and we are doing everything we can to ensure it. ”

But at the same time, he added that the army was keeping its options open for “surgical strikes.” Kashmir witnessed violent protests and clashes since the death of Hizbul Mujahideen commander Burhan Wani last year in July. General Rawat was in Dehradun to attend the year and works at Cambrian Hall, his alma mater. The chief of the Army, from Pauri, studied in the Convent of Jesus and Mary to Dehradun (CJM) until the class

2. He later studied at Cambrian Hall between 1969 and 1972, and then graduated from the Saint-Édouard School, Shimla. “I spent my most memorable days at this school,” he said at the event, dressed in a navy blue school monogrammed jacket. He also especially mentioned his teacher Shanti Swaroop, who was the school’s coordinator at the time.

Gen has touched Swaroop’s feet as a sign of respect and love. More talk with reporters, the general said that induction of 800 women in military police, as was predicted recently, would be a gradual process because the army “would not have so many women immediately.”

Freedom Apk Free Download for Android, iOs & PC

Freedom Apk Free Download for Android, iOs & PC

Freedom APK is an application based on Android that looks very similar to different rooting applications. This application allows you to play and browse all paid applications and games for free. This apk is a kind of jailbreak tools that reverberate in all the applications and games of payment and that it offers to the users.

Freedom APK allows you to browse and use for free any kind of paid games and applications available on the Internet. You can even get the Premium version of Mobdro and browse for it for free. Freedom APK has many more features through which you can now directly buy paid apps for free. The list of all the interesting features of APK freedom listed below, look good.

Freedom APK Features

  1. Freedom APK is a completely free app.
  2. This app work on every paid games and app without any issue.
  3. The only rooted device supports Freedom APK.
  4. Freedom APK comes build in with 10 languages for your ease.
  5. So, now buy any coins, tools or unlock any extra features for free of any paid app or game with Freedom APK.

Download Freedom APK

  1. Download Freedom APK v2.0.6 using our provided link on your rooted Android devices.
  2. Locate the downloaded file using any file manager and install the TutuApp on your smartphone.
  3. Turn on the option “Install apps from unknown sources” in settings if you encounter any problem while installing the TutuApp APK.
  4. Open the app, give required permissions and you are ready to break into all paid apps and games for free.
  5. Enjoy the free apps and games!

How to run the Freedom application on your computer

There are some ways people can run the Freedom application in Windows. For your convenience, we have provided several methods for running the Freedom application on your computer.

Users must use the Android emulator to use the Freedom application on their computer. We show you all ways to install the Freedom application on your Windows computer using the Nox App Player emulator.

Step 1 – People should download the Android emulator from the Nox App Player. In this way, The Freedom App is cheated and the system believes it works on the Android platform. This application of Nox Player is very useful with ease of use, as well as it is well known by many users who need to download Apk of the Freedom in the computer.

Step 2 – Once after downloading and installing the emulator, people have to open their browser and try to look for the Freedom application.

Step 3 – Before downloading the application, try to download the file in the appropriate place that best suits you. People should click on the right side of the icon and people should open it with the emulator of the Nox application unit.

Step 4 – After opening, people can enjoy the Freedom application in the Nox App Player and the People is ready to use the Freedom application.

Migrants will not get welfare for first 5 years: Donald Trump

Migrants will not get welfare for first 5 years: Donald Trump

Migrants will not get welfare for first 5 years: Donald Trump

Days after announcing his support for a merit-based immigration system, President Donald Trump said migrants would not receive social assistance during the first five years of their arrival in the United States.

“You can not be in wellness for five years when you enter our country. You can not introduce, as in the last few weeks, years and decades, you just start immediately taking the wellness,” Trump said in his weekly speech By radio and the nation’s website.
“For five years, you have to say that you will not be asking – or use our welfare systems. As I said in my speech to Congress, the dream time of big things, bold and bold for our country began,” he said. That the US President.

Trump said earlier this week it announced a landmark immigration bill to create a merit-based green card system that puts an end to welfare system abuse, stop chain migration and protects US workers and economy.

According to the president of the United States, the country is moving in the right direction.

“This week, the Dow Jones industrial average hit a record, never been so high. In May, the unemployment rate reached a high of 16 years, the last quarter, real GDP growth rose to 2.6 percent “, He said.

“Prosperity comes to our shores because we US workers and families for the first time. The American dream has always been to do what we like and we do it for the people we want,” he added.

For too long, it canceled the dreams of many Americans have been out of reach of Washington.

“Washington has supported one global project after another while allowing other countries to drain our jobs and drain the wealth of the United States of America.

Then Washington imposed and regulated our own workers and industries, eliminating their ability to make a living, “he said.

But those days are over, Trump said.

“My administration is working tirelessly on behalf of the American people. We have removed regulations and pointed to unfair business practices that harm Americans around the world.

We ended the war against coal and released the energy of America. We offer a tax plan to grow our economy and create more jobs, “Trump said.

Singapore expels top expert for subversion

Singapore expels top expert for subversion

Singapore expels top expert for subversion

BEIJING: In a rare move, Singapore has driven out a group of experts on foreign policy and strategic issues to work as a “foreign influence agent” and to be in contact with those countries’ spy organizations.

The Ministry of Interior of Singapore, said the expert, Huang Jing, director of the Asian Center and globalization, and Professor Lee Foundation on the relations between the United States and China in the LKY School, dependent on the National University of Singapore, will be permanently barred from entering the country with his wife, Shirley Yang Xiuping.

The ministry did not name the country for which Huang, 60, had worked in secret. However, there have been media reports that Huang, a citizen of the United States, has been extremely supportive of China’s position in international affairs, particularly the relationship between the United States and the United States. And China, and has written about it in Chinese newspapers.

“Huang used his high-level position in LKYSPP to deliberately and secretly forward a foreign country’s agenda at the expense of Singapore, in cooperation with foreign intelligence agents,” the ministry said.

“This amounts to subversion and foreign interference in the domestic policy of the continued presence of Singapore. De Huang in Singapore and his wife are therefore unwanted.” His wife knew of her husband’s work for a foreign country, according to the ministry.

For his part, Huang has denied the allegations and asked why Singapore did not reveal the name of the foreign country.

“It is absurd to identify myself as an” agent of influence “for a foreign country,” he told the South China Morning Post, adding, “And why does he not identify the foreign country to which they refer, is that the United States? ? ”

Huang, who is still in Singapore, said he would seek the help of a lawyer and the US Embassy here. “My family and my house are all here.

I also have properties in Singapore. How can you treat me like this? If they have evidence, they should take me to court, “he said, adding that he had not had time to leave.

Singapore stated that Huang gave “insider” a high member of the LKY School so that it can be transmitted to the Singapore government.

“The information was duly approved by the LKYSPP upper limbs to high-ranking public officials who were able to direct Singapore’s foreign policy,” he said.

“The clear intention was to use the information to ensure that the Singapore government to change its foreign policy.”

Rwanda: Paul Kagame wins presidential election for the third time

Rwanda: Paul Kagame wins presidential election for the third time

Rwanda: Paul Kagame wins presidential election for the third time

Rwanda’s chief title, Paul Kagame, has sealed a landslide victory in the presidential election that gave him a third term, which has extended his 17 years in power.

Kagame has been praised internationally for a rapid and peaceful economic recovery in the country of central Africa since the 1994 genocide, when 800,000 people died for Tutsis and moderate Hutus.

But it also faced growing censorship by groups and rights, widespread abuse of human rights, muquetage independent media and repression of political opposition.

With 80 percent. 100 votes, the 59-year-old former guerrilla leader won 98.66 percent. 100, National Electoral Commission executive secretary Charles Munyaneza told a news conference.

“We hope that even if we get 100 percent of the votes, there will be no change,” he said. The ranking should be over 90 percent in East African countries to 12 million citizens once all the details have emerged in the elections involving only one opposition candidate, Frank Habineza, and one independent.

Kagame, who voted in the Rigunga poll in Kigali, announced Friday that it will seek to support economic growth in the small nation.

“It’s about seven years to deal with the problems that afflict Rwandans and make sure that we become real Rwandans who thrive (economically),” he said in a speech broadcast live on television.

Under his reign, some dissidents died after fleeing abroad in cases that are not resolved. The government denies any involvement.

Kagame, a commander who led the Tutsi rebel in Rwanda to end the genocide in 1994, banned the use of tribal terms after being appointed president.

He won the last election in 2010 with 93 percent of the vote and during this campaign for a new seven-year term, he said he expected an absolute victory.

Habineza, who has gained in what goes from 0.45 percent of the early count, pledged to establish a court to try dissidents whose rulings Rwanda courts have been criticized as motivated for political reasons.

Another potential opponent, Diane Rwigara, was disqualified by the electoral commission despite her insistence on meeting all the requirements.

“For me, I see this as a one-man race. I just do not vote,” said a man in Kigali who asked not to be identified.